Terrace farming in Nepal
Terrace Farming is done on the floor of our roof, terrace, or balcony. You can always raise your organic garden on your balcony or roof for plants, flowers, or fruits. It is remedial, rewarding, and quite cost-effective but requires a bit of creation and maintenance. You will have to take interest and care of some basic things before you start gardening like a suitable area to grow your organic terrace garden, variety of plants, and the containers you will grow them in. Buying the right kind of soil and organic composts are also needed during terrace farming. Here are some tips which help you to get started Terrace farming in Nepal.
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As its name is terrace farming so terrace or balcony is the best place to grow your organic veggies where the adequate amount of sunlight throughout the day. If your plants do not require much sunlight, you can arrange a green shade net or greenhouse on your terrace or take a few indoors near windowsills. However, if you are living in an apartment, you can use your balcony or windowsill. You can even put in the margins of the window and grow there. Arrive at the two corners of the walls in the kitchen, place the pots with Coriander, dill, it depends if we grew greens patterns are pretty good appearance.
Right plant container
It is not necessary to buy costly earthen pots or decorative pots to nurture your plants. The size, form, material that does nothing. So plastic, jar, metal, ceramic had no problem for any reason.
You can also use the household items which are old and damaged like empty paint bucket, water bottle, milk crates, etc. Whatever container you use to make sure to make the hole for drainage before planting the plant or seed.
You can visit the near nursery or department store to find out the source organic seeds or you can buy from online too. You will get many options to choose but keep in mind and select only a reputable company for organic seeds. Always read reviews and customer testimonials if you are buying from online sites. Always make a wise choice to buy from affordable stores as the whole point of growing a terrace vegetable garden is to have genuine organic food at reduces costs.
Soil is Prime
Soil is the prime thing while you are gardening at home. You should not take soil from anywhere you like. To make your soil in good quality always use organic fertilizer to promote the development of plants. Compost can be prepared by remaining kitchen waste, dried leaves, or animal fertilizer with the help of beneficial microbes to increase good yields. Also, make sure you keep an eye for pests and deformations in plants and handle them accordingly.
Vegetables for particular seasons
January: (Dec, Jan): Brinjal, Chili, Bittergourd, Tomatoes, Radishes, Greens.
February: (Jan, Feb): Brinjal, Tomato, Chili, Bitter gourd, Ladie’s finger, Cluster bean, Greens.
March: (Feb, Mar): Ladie’s finger, Bitter gourd, Tomatoes.
April: (Mar, Apr): Cluster bean, Ladie’s finger.
May: (Apr, May): Brinjal, Tomatoes, Cluster bean.
June: (May, Jun): Brinjal, Tomato, Pumpkin, Spinach, Ladie’s finger.
July: (Jun, Jul): Chili, Bitter gourd, Ribbed gourd, Radish, Ladie’s finger, Cluster, Tomatoes.
August: (Jul, Aug): Radish, Ribbed gourd, Bitter gourd, Chili, Ladie’s finger.
September: (August, September): Moringa, Brinjal, Radish, Spinach, Ribbed gourd, Pumpkin.
October: (September, October) Moringa, Brinjal, Radish.
November: (Oct, Nov), Brinjal, Tomato, Radish, Pumpkin.
December: (Nov, Dec), Brinjal, Tomatoes, Pumpkin, Radish, Chili
You may need simple gardening tools to make your gardening easy and fast. You may need gloves, sprayers, composters, rakes, shovels, plant pruners, and growth stimulators. Based on your space, budget, and needs you can find a suitable terrace gardening kit from online.
Protection of plants
During summer and winter season generally watering plants per day are enough. While watering the plants always remember to water in the morning or the evening after sunrise or sunset. Dig the soil around the plants rather than watering daily, which is not useful to the plants. The plant should also get direct sunlight of 3-5 hours per day to grow completely. Use neem oil to protect plants using neem spray to control insects once a month for all types of plants. Dried neem leaves powder must be stored. This step serves as fertilizer and pesticides.
If you have no idea and starting new then always start with easy, small and then start expanding based on your space. Plant the seeds which are familiar to us like chilies, mints, tomatoes, etc. They can be cultivated all day in the year, resulting in the additional benefit of these pieces.
To begin with, ensure that the terrace space has adequate waterproofing or sub-surface water run-off facility. Choose the appropriate treatment for the same. One method is brickbat Coba where RCC (reinforced cement concrete) slabs are exposed and the surface is cleaned, debris removed and cement is mixed with waterproofing material. This is used on the surface to make the surface even and prevent water from getting accumulated.
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