Are you familiar with what different terms that you can hear during a ritual ceremony like Nwaran? Terminologies that comes popping at random intervals during any rituals can be a confusing part of doing any ritual in a simpler context. If you have the background knowledge on it then, you would be doing it good justice. But if not, then come on in, let’s explore what you might be hearing through the process.
First the place and the key ingredients that are used to prepare the place of the ceremony.
A specific area where a PUJA is conducted. And the place is cleansed with Panchagavya.
Geometrical outline within which the auspicious ceremonies are conducted
Cow urine mixed with Halfa grass, Bermuda grass, Ghee, Curd, and GAYATRI MANTRA chanted into it
What are the required things for the process of preparing for the ritual of Nwaran
A copper bowl filled with Kus, Flowers, Jau, Til, and Akshyata
Traditionally it is a process of donating the cow to the priests. But the cow is represented with money in present times for the simplicity of it.
A Tapari or a copper utensil of Arghya Patra, with Banana, Water, Curd, Kus, and Dubo.
The utensil used in the Argha. Most preferably copper, but in the absence of copper, as long as the utensil is unused, any pure one will suffice.
It is a plant where Lord Vishnu is said to reside and considered pure for any ritual.
Dry rice with Vermillion (Chamal ani Abhir mixed Tika)
A guardian deity in Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism. According to Hinduism and Hindu mythology, Kshetrapala, that is, the lord of the farmland is a deity who was originally a deity of the farmland.
Considered as Amrit (immortality potion) that consists of sugar, Milk, Curd, Honey, and Jaggery (Sakkhar) as an offering to gods during puja.
Sweets that are cooked for this ceremony like Kheer, Sel, and Puri.
5 different types of stones (Gold, Silver, Pearl, Muga (coral), Poowalo)
Sapta Matrika (available online)
Dirt from seven different places (soil from horse stable, cowshed, under the elephant’s feet, termite shelter, the king’s gate, the bank, or a river/lake)
SarvaAushadhi (Readily available in online stores such as Amazon.com)
Mixtures of herbs like Turmeric, Jatamansi (Tapaswani/ Spikenard), Mura, Chutro, Shilajit, Shreekhanda, Bojo, Chapo (Chhap), Mothae.
Collection of 5 leaves (Bar, Peepal, Aap, Pakari, Dungri)
Bermuda Grass (Dubo)
21- 21 blades of Durva grass were gifted to Ganesh by a group of sages when his stomach hurt after he ate a demon in a fight.
Getting into the terms that would define the steps or the deities and the processes.
Following SANKALPA, around a couple of pages of mantras are chanted by the priest/priests for vibrational purification (melodious tone) including flowers, Akshayata, Betel nut(Supari), and some Drabya(Money). The mantras are taken from Vedas.
Also known as Purna Kalash. Placed towards the east, filled with water representing the Water Gods: Varun (God of Seas) and Tirtha (God of River). Adorned with Panchapallab, SarvaAushadhi, Sapta Matrika, Pancharatna and Chandan, and Abhir tika for designs.
Agneya Kalash (Rig Veda)
Towards the Southeast corner of the Yagya, a Kalash is prepared and placed the same as Matrika Kalash. The representing entity of Rig Veda, One of the Vedas is worshipped here.
Nirutya Kalash (Yajur Veda)
Towards the Southwest corner of the Yagya, a Kalash is prepared and placed the same as Matrika Kalash. The representing entity of Yajur Veda, another one of the Vedas is worshipped here.
Vavaya Kalash (Sama Veda)
Towards the Northwest corner of the Yagya, a Kalash is prepared and placed the same as Matrika Kalash. The representing entity of Sama Veda, another one of the Vedas is worshipped here.
Ishan Kalash (Atharva Veda)
Towards the Northeast corner of the Yagya, a Kalash is prepared and placed the same as Matrika Kalash. The representing entity of Atharva Veda, the last volume of the Vedas is worshipped here.
For the Agni Hawan, here we list the process and some required elements.
A mixture of Jau, til and chamal, ghee, Kapoor, Dhup (Gokul Dhup, Sal Dhup)
Melt the ghee into liquid form and glare into the melted ghee into your reflection.
A process of offering ghee on Agni through a betel nut placed on a Suro.
A stick with the end having a hand-shaped structure that is used while offering ghee to the Agni.
And here we are towards the end of the ceremonial terms
A process of offering a complete vessel of Rice with Janai and supari, fruits, and Dakshina to the gods as a completion of the ritual
A process of preparing all ingredients required for a meal for the Pandit as Bhraman Bhojan.
An offering to the evil spirits in the name of Kshetrapal.
A farewell ceremony for all the gods that were called for the puja with praying mantras.
Here we have gathered the terms that you have gone through. With this, we hope you have gained the expertise of knowing these terms for any ceremonial rituals.
Do check out the whole process of Nwaran if you want the full context in which these terminologies are used.